This event marked the 100 years of the monarchy in Bhutan. In 1961, Jigme Dorji Wangchuck drafted the first economic development plan of the country which has been followed today. The lamas continued to have strong spiritual influence. There were 2 milestones when he ruled the country which leaped Bhutan forward in progress. Below appears the list of Druk Desis throughout the existence of the office. In 1926, the first King of Bhutan passed away. King Jigme Dorji Wangchuck (1929 – 1972) was crowned at the age of 23 and he also was the King known as the father of modern Bhutan as he had a huge contribution in establishing international relations for the world to recognize Bhutan as an independent country and to protect its sovereignty. About His Majesty The King of Bhutan King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck, born 21 February 1980, is the son of King Jigme Singye Wangchuck and is the current reigning Druk Gyalpo or Dragon King, of the Kingdom of Bhutan. We are a passionate team of one hundred avid travelers who love to share our experiences of Bhutan & Asia with those looking for a more authentic travel experience. The Bhutanese monarchy was established on 17 December 1907, unifying the country under the control of the Wangchuck family, hereditary penlops (governors) of Trongsa district. Bhutan’s King Jigme Khesar and Queen Jetsun welcomed their second child, a baby boy, on Thursday — meaning the Dragon Prince, 4-year-old Prince Gyalsey Jigme Namgyel, is … Also, in 2011, the King married Jetsu Pema. Since the rise of the unified House of Wangchuck in 1907, the Druk Gyalpo (འབྲུག་རྒྱལ་པོ་; lit. Following the event, elections took place in the same year that gave birth to a new system of governance. In 1862, King Jigme Dorji Wangchuck enjoyed the Colombo Plan that his country would receive technical assistance for infrastructure development and educational scholarships. Also, he established the Nation Assembly (tshogdu) who could remove the King or his successors with a two-thirds authority. When he passed away, the Kingdom was under the Shabdrung’s ‘Dual System of Government’ that government control was specifically split into 2 parts including the religious leader (Je Khenpo) and the civil administrative leader (Druk Desi). He became King on 9 December 2006. In 2015, the King and Queen visited Singapore to show their last respect to the PM of Singapore – Mr. Lee Kuan Yew. Bhutan's capital city is Thimphu. He also gained the respect of his people. The Draft Constitution was released and its website was launched in 2005. It was all about his vision and lessons he learned from his ancestors that let him know that centralized power was not the way making Bhutan continue enjoying stability and peace. He was accompanied by his sister Ashi Dechen Wangmo Wangchuck. Ruler of tiny Asian nation added to the list of this year's royal weddings. Each of them all has a big contribution making Bhutan become a better country and most importantly, the happinest country in the world. By then, HM was just 51 years old, and at the peak of his popularity. During King Sir Ugyen Wangchuck’s reign, Bhutan remained isolated to the outside world. King Jigme Wangchuck – the second ruler of the Kingdom crowned in 1926 when he was 21. King Jigme Dorji Wangchuck passed away at the age of 43 while receiving especially medical treatment in Nairobi. Also, the first Airline was operated at that time. His eldest son – Jigme Dorji Wangchuck was succeeded. Home / About Bhutan - Facts & Essential Travel Information / Kings of Bhutan. HM is the tireless commander- trotting meadows high and vales low, there in no hamlets or villages the King didn't walk. This royal wedding was the largest media event in Bhutan’s history. With his Queen, they travel abroad and have raised Bhutan’s profile as a sovereign country. King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck also forwent traditional dress, wearing a grey suit. "Dragon King") have been the head of state of the Kingdom of Bhutan. The King and Queen of Bhutan have revealed they are expecting their second child together. The second priority was to diversify the relationship with other countries. Bhutan’s economy, during his reign, accelerated as he established industries in raw materials, agriculture, and hydropower. The image was taken on National Day on … During the period of leading up to his monarchy, he had a huge contribution in developing close relations with the British by being an assistant for negotiations between Britain and Tibet. Like his father, he received a modern education as he studied abroad in both India and the UK. Officeholders were initially appointed by Zhabdrung Ngawang Namgyal, though after his death the Je Khenpo and civil government decided appointments. Roads were extended connecting the country even in remote regions. Since the enactment of the Constitution of 2008, the Druk Gyalpo has remained head of state, while the Prime Minister of Bhutan acts as executive and head of government in a parliamentary democracy. Queen of Bhutan Jetsun Pema was born in Thimphu on 4th June, 1990. King Jigme Singye Wangchuck (1972) succeed the throne when he was just 17 making him the youngest monarch in the world at that time. So, that’s all about the 5 Bhutan Kings. During his reign, he continued with the phase of modernization and socio-economy that had been set in motion by his father. These things allowed Bhutan to take the first step towards democracy. New roads and hospitals were built, and a system of secular schools was established as an alternative to education in Buddhist monasteries. He succeeded his father (Jigme Namgyel) as the Penlop of Trongsa. The doubt and concerns of the nation about his father’s abdication before 2 years were quickly alleyed in the young king’s first speech assuring that he kept ruling the country with his father’s policies. Bhutan's King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck and Queen Jetsun Pema, seen arriving at Japanese Emperor Naruhito's enthronement ceremony. Thus, the King set up a modern judicial system and the first Council of Ministers of Bhutan. In 2011, the Kidu Foundation was launched. He relinquished absolute authority in the late 1990s and launched the Constitution of Bhutan to provide the legal framework for a democratic political system that is best suited for the nation. Bhutan travel arrangements by Far Fung Places and Bhutan Tourism Corporation Ltd. The Bhutan monarchy was formed in 1907 under the leadership of First King Gongsar Ugyen Wangchuk, unifying the country under the control of the Wangchuck family, all the kings of bhutan were to serves as the Trongsa Penlop before enthroning becoming the king, The king of Bhutan is formally known as the Druk Gyalpo, the Dragon King. The King of Bhutan, Jigme Khesar, addressed his nation today regarding the COVID-19 outbreak saying that from Monday, Bhutan’s borders would be closed. To prepare for his event, since he was born, King Jigme Wangchuck was raised under a strict education in English and Hindi as well as schooled in Buddhist principles. Both the Druk Desi and Je Khenpo were under the nominal authority of the Zhabdrung Rinpoche, a reincarnation of Ngawang Namgyal. He was knighted and gave the title of Knight Commander of … However, in 2006, HM the Great Fourth abdicated the throne in favor of the Crown Prince, Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck. This biography profiles his childhood, life, reign, achievements and timeline. Other articles where Ugyen Wangchuk is discussed: Bhutan: The emergence of Bhutan: …of contemplation, the then-strongest penlop, Ugyen Wangchuk of Tongsa, was “elected” by a council of lamas, abbots, councillors, and laymen to be the hereditary king (druk gyalpo) of Bhutan. This was the first time Bhutan witnessed a history of a new King succeed a throne when his father did not pass away as the Jigme Singye Wangchuck abdicated his throne to his son – King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck. He succeeded his father (Jigme Namgyel) as the Penlop of Trongsa. Recognizing the importance of education, the King encouraged students and sent them to pursue abroad. King Ugyen Wangchuck was given birth in 1862. Under the dual system, government control was split between a secular leader, the Druk Desi (.mw-parser-output .uchen{font-family:"BabelStone Tibetan Slim",Jomolhari,"Noto Sans Tibetan","Microsoft Himalaya",Kailash,"DDC Uchen","TCRC Youtso Unicode","Tibetan Machine Uni","Qomolangma-Uchen Sarchen","Qomolangma-Uchen Sarchung","Qomolangma-Uchen Suring","Qomolangma-Uchen Sutung","Qomolangma-Title","Qomolangma-Subtitle","DDC Rinzin","Qomolangma-Woodblock","Qomolangma-Dunhuang"}.mw-parser-output .ume{font-family:"Qomolangma-Betsu","Qomolangma-Chuyig","Qomolangma-Drutsa","Qomolangma-Edict","Qomolangma-Tsumachu","Qomolangma-Tsuring","Qomolangma-Tsutong","TibetanSambhotaYigchung","TibetanTsugRing","TibetanYigchung"}འབྲུག་སྡེ་སྲིད་, aka Deb Raja);[nb 1] and a religious leader, the Je Khenpo (རྗེ་མཁན་པོ་). He established his power base in Central Bhutan and by subjugating political enemies during a period of civil wars and 1880’s rebellion, he unified Bhutan. Schools were built as well. On November 1st, 2008, he coronated. The king of Bhutan, formally known as the Druk Gyalpo ("Dragon King"), also occupies the office of Druk Desi under the dual system of government. Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck is the fifth and present ‘Druk Gyalpo’ or the ‘Dragon King’ of the Kingdom of Bhutan since December 9, 2006. His Majesty Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck, the current reigning King of Bhutan, was born on 21 st February 1980 to His Majesty the Fourth King Jigme Singye Wangchuck and Azhi Tshering Yangdon Wangchuck. Little did she know that the magical encounter she … King Jigme Singye Wangchuck of Bhutan arrived in Dhaka on 28 December 1974 on a three-day state visit to Bangladesh. In March 2009, King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck launched the first landmark project – the National Cadastral Resurvey focusing on enhancing the living standard of people in remote areas. King Jigme Singye Wangchuck slowly started decentralizing his power and the role of Prime Minister (PM) was created in 1998. On 17th March 1907, Sir Ugyen Wangchuck was elected to be Bhutan King with the title of ‘Druk Gyalpa’. Italics indicate coregencies and caretaker governments, which are not traditionally separately numbered. Her father is Dhondup Gyaltshen from Trashigang, Eastern Bhutan, and to mother, Sonam His Majesty ascended to the Golden Throne in December 2006. Bhutan itself, led by the Fourth King, made all the essential choices and shaped its own destiny. In your Bhutan vacation, you will see lots of images of Bhutan King and Queen and, I know you know the reason why. Both of them were under the authority of the Shabdrung Rinpoche ( the Shabdrung Ngawang Namgyel’s reincarnation). Hence, amidst this stereotypical image, Bhutan's King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck comes across as a breath of fresh air. The Dual System of Bhutan was over when the Ugyen Wangchuck who was chosen by the Penlop (means governor) of Trongsa and amongst all rulers, ruled the world. Following the bestowed title, he once again received honors from both the British and India because of his ability to built diplomatic relations without sacrificing his country’s sovereign. The king's priority was to continue deepening the excellent relationship with India. He established his power base in Central Bhutan and by subjugating political enemies during a period of civil wars and 1880’s rebellion, he unified Bhutan. Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck was born on February 21, 1980 in Dechencholing Palace, Thimphu, Bhutan, Bhutanese, is 5th King of Bhutan. During his childhood, he grew up close to his father; thus, he was influenced by him so much. Bhutan Broadcasting Service is the National TV and Radio Broadcaster of the Kingdom of Bhutan. His Majesty the King of Bhutan- Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck is the Fifth King of Bhutan. In 2006, he announced that it was the time for a democratic government. Bhutan – the land of the Thunder Dragon was founded in 1616 by Shabdrung Ngawang Namgyel who successfully unified Bhutan into one religious state. All Rights Reserved, The First King of Bhutan – Sir Ugyen Wangchuck (Reign from 1907 to 1926), The Second King of Bhutan – Jigme Wangchuck (Reign from 1926 – 192), The Third King of Bhutan – Jigme Dorji Wangchuck (Reign from 1952 to 1972), The Fourth King of Bhutan – Jigme Singye Wangchuck (Reign from 1972 to 2006), The Fifth King of Bhutan – Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck (Reign from 2006 to Present). Comprehensive information on Bhutan history, culture, government, geography. Bhutan was founded and unified as a country by Ngawang Namgyal, 1st Zhabdrung Rinpoche in the mid–17th century. Kingdom of Bhutan. Jan 2, 2021 - The Royal House of Wangchuck and their beautiful country of Bhutan. Even as the world is struggling to contain the novel coronavirus pandemic, the King's family in Bhutan is celebrating a new royal baby. Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck is the fifth and present ‘Druk Gyalpo’ or the ‘Dragon King’ of the Kingdom of Bhutan since December 9, 2006. Bhutan’s King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck and Queen Jetsun Pema have unveiled a new family photo for the New Year. During the period of leading up to his monarchy, he had a huge contribution in developing close relations with the British by being an assistant for negotiations between Britain and Tibet. There was a splash of colour, however, in his bright tie. He studied in the US before graduating from Magdalen College – University of Oxford. The government is a parliamentary democracy; the head of state is the King of Bhutan, known as the “Dragon King.” The Royal Bhutan Army maintains a close relationship with the Indian Armed Forces. During the time he ruled the country, he implemented administrative reforms within the country as a simple hierarchical system was placed where he could use his power over matters from religion, secularist to the appointment of a head abbot (Je Khenpo) to establish a central religious administrative body. King Jigme Khesar, the current ruler, came to the throne in 2008 when his father, King Jigme Singye Wangchuck, passed the throne to him, according to BBC. Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck was born in 1980 and he is the fifth monarch of Bhutan. Microsoft may earn an Affiliate Commission if … [4], Druk Desi Sonam Lhundub was the first Bhutanese ruler to confront, "The Constitution of the Kingdom of Bhutan", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_rulers_of_Bhutan&oldid=996942340, Articles containing Dzongkha-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 December 2020, at 07:58. Translation of His Majesty The King’s Address to the People of Bhutan Last month, the threat of the pandemic became very real for Bhutan when the first COVID-19 cases were detected outside the quarantine facilities. After his death in 1651, Bhutan nominally followed his recommended "dual system of government". The official coronation took place on 6 th November, 2008 in Punakha Dzong. Bhutan - Bhutan - From absolute monarchy to parliamentary democracy: Beginning in the early 1960s, King Jigme Dorji Wangchuk embarked on a program to reform the country’s economy and its quasi-feudal social system. About Bhutan - Facts & Essential Travel Information, Frequently Asked Questions – FAQs on Bhutan Travel, Thank You for A Memorable Bhutan Adventure Tour, Feedback From Mr. Thomas on Bhutan Trekking Tour 14 Days. Jetsun Pema was just an ordinary Bhutanese girl-next-door. Bhutan King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck talks to a little girl on the main street in Thimphu in Bhutan on October 14, 2011. Since then, I continued keeping close relations with the British and India to make sure that Bhutan would be safe from the increasing Chinese influence in Tibet. In contrast, there are some countries in the world that have suffered minimum effects from Coronavirus, Special Tailor-made Bhutan Tour Packages - 8 Days, Copyright © 2021 Bhutan Tours. 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