3) Did you ever ask the kenyan governemnet for the environmental problems caused as a result of the Turkwel river dam on the kenyan side that use to drain to Turkana? Where the river ends in Lake Turkana, this sentiment was echoed by local fishermen: “You will find our bones in the desert.” The story of the Omo-Turkana Basin is now that of the Ethiopian state exploiting its periphery in the name of “development”, trampling on the human rights of its citizens in the process. The dam is located about 190 miles southwest of Ethiopia's capitol Addis Ababa on the Omo River. So far, the project has continued despite the huge deficiencies in this official study, but those concerned about the impacts on Lake Turkana intend to bring their case to these agencies. That is what they are doing nothing new. The Gibe 3 dam is nearing completion in Ethiopia?s Omo River valley; Gibe 1 and 2 have already been built and 4 and 5 are to follow. The completion of Gibe III, Africa's tallest dam to date, has eliminated the annual flood and radically reduced the Omo's flow, which produces 90% of Lake Turkana's freshwater input. It is a matter of talking appropreiate measures. What can we do about our neighbours who always depend on our rivers and do not let us use them. I am not Kenyan, but I am extremely worried about the consequences of building the Gibe III. Ethiopia constructed the Gibe III hydro-electric power dam along River Omo, which is the main source of water for Lake Turkana – the world’s largest desert lake and a Unesco heritage site … “helm teferto…”. The ministries of Energy, Water, and Northern Kenya must account for their plans to preserve the environment and livelihoods of the region. The peoples of Lake Turkana must be heard. The 300,000 people who live around Lake Turkana in Kenya were neither informed of the project’s impacts nor consulted on their priorities. Criticizing the most acceptable one will make the country to underdeveloped the resource for decades to come. Impact on the livelihoods of the inhabitants of the lower Omo River Valley. All these years we have been squabbling against each other instead of focusing on using the Nile. I have been in “weito” which is another river in south OMO region and saw the impact of controlled flow in that region. Especially Gibe III is something that we badly need. Hellow There, Poeple forget that the only solution is not STOPPING the dam….but slowing down the process of holding the reservoir to reduce the environmental effects for the people down south from the project site(including those in Kenya and in Ethiopia). Elais, you should not be an all out opposition to what is going on in Ethiopia and post this article. Two wrongs do not make a right! Instead it will create a more controlled flow for the communities downstream, which presently move to another basin for water when the dry season comes. The further impact of water diversions for large irrigated plantations being developed in the Lower Omo could lead to the lake level dropping by as much as 22 meters (the average depth is just 30 meters), the … The project’s lack of transparency in other areas borders on the corrupt. At nearly 244 meters tall, Gibe III is Africa’s tallest dam and the continent’s third largest hydroelectric plant. The huge injustice of all this is that the ecological costs will be borne by local communities while the profits will be enjoyed by central and international corporations. While the World Bank has refused to consider project funding, they may still consider financial support through loan guarantees. Omo River flow volume reduction of at least 60–70 % during the reservoir filling period and early dam operation, not including additional river water abstraction/diversion by GOE and private company irrigation agriculture; with elimi-nation of the river’s annual flood. It is located about 62 km (39 mi) west of Sodo in the Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples' Region. 1. (The author is with Friends of Lake Turkana. This prehistoric lake has also long been a focus for humans: its shores have revealed the oldest-known fossil remains of Homo habilis. Once fully commissioned, it will be the third largest hydroelectric plant in Africa with a power output of about 1870 Megawatt (MW), thus more than doubling total installed capacity in Ethiopia from its 2007 level of 814 MW… The only significant impact that affect the down stream is the flood farming. Tariku, as the article states, the Dam is being built to sell electricity to Kenya, not for use in Ethiopia. Two Mursi warriors prepare for a ceremonial duel. Gashu, you seem to know possibly little around this globe. The Gibe 3 Hydropower Dam, already under construction, will dramatically alter the Omo River’s flood cycle, affecting ecosystems and livelihoods all the way down to the world’s largest desert lake, Kenya’s Lake Turkana. Lake Turkana is a miraculous anomaly of life-giving water in a parched and unforgiving land. universal access to social and economic necessities, Eritrea in the news – Monitoring report: 27 – 28 November, Eritrea’s role in overseeing Europe’s fight to halt African refugees, Eritreans wait in vain for change after peace with Ethiopia, The death of one of the Jewish fighters imprisoned in Eritrea during WW2, UNICEF air charter brings life-saving vaccines for children of Eritrea, Treaties between Ethiopia, Britain and France, 1897 – 1908. Otherwise we have every right to use our water. [email protected]). Considering the unstable state of peace in Northern Kenya, such damage to the local economies would invoke a threat to regional stability. Daming water for hyrdoelectic are by far the most environmetal friendly than other water resources projects.The water will continue flowing to that lake after generating power. Over 30% of the lake inflow will be diverted for commercial irrigation projects. We have been limited to exploit our water resource for long. These are your fellow citizens the Merrile of Ethiopia. The truncated, artificial flood suggested in the EIA is ill-designed to achieve its purpose. Most of us aren’t experts in this matter. For Kenya, it’s a matter of allowing one part of the country to be devastated so that others may get a little more power. While a power purchase agreement outlining the terms of electricity sales was reportedly signed between Ethiopia and Kenya in 2006, no bilateral agreements on the use of the Omo-Turkana waterway and the dam’s downstream effects to Kenya are publicly known. Meanwhile, centuries of collective wisdom relating to livestock diversification, flood dependant cultivation and customary obligations and mechanisms of livestock exchange, will be made redundant. But in the long run it will help them to control flooding and water lose through evaporation. The filling of the reservoir behind Gibe III Dam on the Omo The minimum, environmental flow is based on the single, lowest monthly flow recorded in the driest month, since 1964. You have not obviously been to Turkana and seen how people are dependent of that lake. I hate when people by the name Ikal tell us what to do. Without any meaningful consultation with the communities affected, the state has also appropriated grazing lands and freshwater, threatening their vital resources and local heritage. Around 90 metres of bridge being constructed by Midroc over Omo River collapses A 90-metre portion of the Omo River Bridge, which is under construction in Omorate Zone, Southern Regional State, collapsed onsite. 2. Critics state that the Gibe III dam may worsen their situation. Constructing dams on ones own river is not new to the world nor is the dying out of lakes. You have entered an incorrect email address! the dam could be a development disaster for Ethiopia and the region. lakes could die for several environmental or intrinsic reasons and the reason is not just one is the Ikal tried to explain. Obviously writer must be Kenyan or else French company agent, cause most kenyan generators and spare parts are from France. about the dam i think ethiopia have to right to delovepe their country and they are doing the best interst of their people. The Conversation UK receives funding from Hefce, Hefcw, SAGE, SFC, RCUK, The Nuffield Foundation, The Ogden Trust, The Royal Society, The Wellcome Trust, Esmée Fairbairn Foundation and The Alliance for Useful Evidence, as well as sixty five university members. As we have documented in eyewitness reports, articles and commentaries, the dam could lead to the collapse of the fragile ecosystems of the Lower Omo Valley and Lake Turkana. it is shameful those poor people are punished by government. Ikal is talking about an evil that is unfolding in our own eyes during our time. Formed millions of years ago in the tectonic upheavals that created East Africa’s Great Rift Valley, Turkana is the largest permanent desert lake in the world. In doing so, it has reduced sediments and nutrients critical for traditional agriculture, riverside pastures and fish habitat. In few years the famine camera would visit this area, taking pictures of dying cattle and people from starvation, just like those in the north, east and south. they drink water from the river, those people don’t know onions, tomatoes, vegetables… no clothes some have hat, but inside no beds, no furniture just empty. This has to change and we should all stand together as Ethiopians. The giant Gibe III dam, now being built on the Omo River in southwestern Ethiopia is a boon for some, a problem for others.Supporters say it will provide electricity for millions of Africans. The lake could start drying up when its main source, the Omo River, is depleted by a huge dam across the border in Ethiopia. To make way for the commercial plantations planned for the Omo Valley, tens of thousands of hectares of land will be expropriated and thousands of local people displaced. In his seminal work, Development as Freedom, the Nobel Prize winning economist, Amartya Sen, demonstrated that sustainable development must be based on universal access to social and economic necessities as well as political and civil rights. Starting in 2008, construction of the Gilgel Gibe III Dam on the river upended that life for subsistence farmers, cattle herders, and fishermen, who depended on the Omo… whey they do not respect the innocent black teens,isnt it a crime to publicly show the world the childerns naked bodies. God Bless Ethiopia, Though we all agree on the ugly poletical and human right record of EPRDF, I don’t think it is wise to object the construction of such projects which have huge advantages even after EPRDF leave office. You might not be aware that in 2004, there was floods that displaced our neighbours and their livestock down stream of the Omo river and all could be because of these damming of the Omo waters. That country needs more projects on its water for irrigation, hydropower (domestic or export), etc. Omo River downstream fl ow due to the Gibe III dam is greatly magni fi ed by the radical abstraction of Omo River waters by major irrigated agribusiness enterprises the … It was wrong and we cannot bank on that argument this time. we own nearly 11 river basin which are all trans boundary, this make getting fund for any of the water resource project very difficult. What remains of the Aral Sea is heavily polluted. Turkana could be dried but people arround Gibe will got a new lake, what is the matter with that? In the lower Omo River Valley of southern Ethiopia, a spreading humanitarian emergency that threatens to spawn conflicts in the region is largely being met with silence from both the Ethiopian government and the international community. Encompassing swathes of Ethiopia, South Sudan and Kenya, the Omo-Turkana Basin is one of the oldest landscapes in the world that is known to have been inhabited by Homo sapiens and is now one of the world’s most extraordinary examples of ethnic diversity. Agence Francaise de Dévelopement, Germany’s aid agency KFW, and the Development Bank of Southern Africa may support the costly transmission line from the Gibe III Dam to Kenya’s national grid. This project will not let the Turkana lake to dry. Its heritage and history, as well as responsibility for its future, are shared by us all. “Mejemeria Eras”. Isn’t this “Ahiyawn tito dawlawn”? 4) Which dam are you talking on Gibe III project? Ethiopia’s Gibe III dam on the Omo: ‘World’s worst environmental disaster’. Dear Elias I have few questions for you 1) what is wrong with selling electricity to kenya or other nations for generating more income to Ethiopia, 2) what is the wrong side of the Ethiopian government for being more accountable to the Ethiopian people and thier interst than to the Kenyan? Their ancestral land will be grabbed by the government which will be leased or sold to foreign colonialists to grow food, flower etc to benefit themselves and token bribery to the local colonialists from the ruling tribes in Ethiopia. I urge you to be informed by reason rather than emotions. It may have the advantage keeping the water in a relativelly cooler area than in the desert lake where it would evaporate even before no one use it. Take note of that…… Omo water according to me is international waters and we shall need an agreement. The completion of Gibe III, Africa’s tallest dam to date, has eliminated the annual flood and radically reduced the Omo’s flow, which produces 90% of Lake Turkana’s freshwater input. We need to know if the impact on Lake Turkana was even considered before the power purchase agreement was signed. In the lower Omo Valley alone, a varied history of cross-cultural encounters has played out to produce eight distinct ethnic groups, speaking many languages from Afro-Asiatic to Nilo-Saharan. It is really astonishing. Not only that, electric dams should not be built at the cost of destroying the environment. The Omo traverses the highlands of southern Ethiopia before it empties into the lake in northern Kenya. The result could be a fall in lake level comparable to that of Central Asia’s Aral Sea, which has shrunk by over two thirds since the 1960s because of irrigation abstractions and which has been called “the world’s worst environmental disaster”. Gibe 3 Dam. For that matter the areas around the dam will also experiance some sort of environmental consequences. It is called “ghost rain.”. survival of forest dependent upon seasonal flooding of omo river, cease construction of dam. Losing our precious water resources will make us less able to adapt to climate change. I have visited the Gilgel Gibe I and II projects when I was student. Let us not be myopic. But evidence is mounting that the dam could be a development disaster for Ethiopia and the region. Take note we are not against it but who was consulted. decreased … The Ethiopian dam-affected people – who, like those on the Kenyan side, are largely indigenous peoples leading traditional lifestyles – have heard little or nothing about the project and their options, even though the changes to the Omo will upset the fragile balance of river bank cultivation and herding they maintain, unraveling the valley’s best strategy against food insecurity. we are not supposed to ask any permission from kenya. As Richard Leakey, the Kenyan paleoanthropologist, conservationist and politician put it, “these happenings are profoundly disturbing”. answer 1 of 11: hi every one i am from the communities of the lower omo valley tribes and i am writing this in order to express my fears about the disaster of the dam project on omo river and its negative impact for me, my people and the tourism. When are we going to face Egypt in this manner instead of doing this dam that could, in the long run, take us to confrontation with Kenyans? At the inauguration of the project in January, Prime Minister Meles Zenawi of Ethiopia indicated his commitment to doubling the country’s existing energy stock in the coming five years, according to the Ethiopian News … This other-worldly scene is bolstered by the world’s largest population of Nile crocodiles which survive on another Nilotic ancestor, the giant perch, which in turn feeds on a profusion of blue-green algae. It is the largest hydropower plant in Ethiopia with a power output of about 1870 Megawatt (MW), thus more than doubling total installed capacity in Ethiopia from its 2007 level of 814 MW. The Ethiopian dam-affected people – who, like those on the Kenyan side, are largely indigenous peoples leading traditional lifestyles – have heard little or nothing about the project and their options, even though the changes to the Omo will upset the fragile balance of river bank cultivation and herding they maintain, unraveling the valley’s best strategy against food insecurity. I read the environmental impact assessment which actual done as per the guidelines. It suggests that the dam will regulate the natural flooding cycle of the Omo River, eliminating the seasonal floods critical to downstream farmers. Ethiopia needs to go slow.i hope IMF or whichever arm released the money will rethink its decision because it is likely to cause tension-local or whatever is effective. But that shall not take us to the extent of compromising our national interest. The people forget things after couple of days and enjoying talking. The Ethiopian government claims that the $2bn (£1.2bn) dam, which is intended to generate electricity for Kenya, Ethiopia, Djibouti and Somalia, will stop annual flooding of the Omo … This project will proof those who are cynical wrong again. The Omo is the major tributary to Lake Turkana, and a dam upstream would drastically … There is no question that Ethiopia needs power. ItFarmer Plowing fields in Omo Valley where the River is a vital resource will block the natural flow of the River, causing a reduction of water flow to the southern part of Ethiopia, also known as Omo Valley. But the irony of the Gibe III dam is that while it threatens the economy of the Turkana region, a large share of its electricity will be sold to consumers in other parts of Kenya. The Gibe 3 Dam is currently under construction on Ethiopia’s Omo River. we ethiopians support this project despit our political stance. Since 1948, Ethiopia has also been signed up to the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide. the people are dying, Ethiopian government is ignorant and they are destroying the pristine environment, etc. Forsure TPLF will go in coming 20 years but dam will be used by poor people of Ethiopia and as a nation we must think for 100 years. If you were consulted, then the Merrile were not consulted.Do not just support it because it might not affect you. This project is one of the projects we badlly needed for our society. john! The assault on the Omo River and Lake Turkana by the Gibe dam is projected to result in a drop of seven to ten meters in the lake’s depth in the first five years alone (the lake has already receded by about five to eight meters because of climate change). the government arranges for tourists to see them and get money. The financial backers of the Gibe III Dam may include the African Development Bank, the European Investment Bank, the Italian Government and JP Morgan Chase. I condemn the author of the article and the people who are working behind the scenes to stop the dam project. All of this has happened despite the area gaining the status of a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1980. Leave us alone! We condemn it and struggle to change that course. I don’t care about TPLF, but I do care about Ethiopia. The Gilgel Gibe III Dam is a 250 m high roller-compacted concrete dam with an associated hydroelectric power plant on the Omo River in Ethiopia. Projects which set out to increase economic growth without regard for social justice and individual rights are not worthy of the name “development”. The Ethiopian and Kenyan governments shall work together to find ways to have the impact on society minimized and compensated. Beware of those who don’t like to see any development in Ethiopia. No less than 500,000 poor indigenous people depend on these ecosystems for their survival. When water is released, what effect will it have to the ecosystem as they pour downstream? While such funders require an Environmental Impact Assessment, the one that has been submitted is incredibly sloppy and hopelessly incomplete. Formerly the fourth largest lake in the world, the Aral Sea has reduced to around 10% of its size in the 1960s. Considerable portion of the water would have been evaporated in the desert lake even before they use it. we are building in our land. I’m not saying there will not be any environmental impact but there are many remidial measures to minimize the impact. the decreased water flow of omo river resulting gibe iii dam have significant impacts on ecosystems surrounding river. – Elias. Here is what I know though. is Ethiopia responsible for that also? But damaging enviroment, wait a minute, corcodile tear-forget it. 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